Orchidaceae


Orchis anatolica BOISS.

Orchis anatolica BOISS.

Orchis anatolica BOISS.

Orchis anatolica BOISS.

Orchis anatolica BOISS.

Orchis anatolica BOISS.

Orchis anatolica BOISS

Orchis anatolica BOISS

Orchis L.
Orchis anatolica BOISS.
Ömür: Çok yıllık
Yapı: ot
Hayat formu:
İlk çiçeklenme zamanı: 3
Son çiçeklenme zamanı: 5
Habitat: maki, çalılık ve Pinus ormanları
Minimum yükseklik: 0
Maksimum yükseklik: 1650
Endemik: -
Element: D. Akdeniz
Türkiye dağılımı: B. ve G. Anadolu
Genel dağılımı: Yunanistan, Ege, Kıbrıs, Latakya, K. Irak, KB. İran
Bulunduğu iller
Bulunduğu kareler : A2 A3 A5 B1 B2 B8 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9

 
O. anatolica Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1(5):56 (1844). Syn: ?O.rariflom C.Koch in Linnaea 19:13 (1846). Ic: Reichb. fil., Ic. Fl. Germ. 13/14: t. 37 (1850); Sunderm., Europ. Medit. Orchid, ed. 2:146, f. 7.20 (1975). Map 104.
Similar to O. quadripunctata, but spike lax, 5-10-flowered; bracts nearly equalling ovary; flowers large, rose-purple, seldom white, with purple dots and lines in centre of labellum; sepals (5-)7-l 1 x 3.5-4 mm, spreading or reflexed, ovate-obtuse; labellum ovate, c. 10-15 mm, 3-lobed, cuneate at base; lateral lobes obliquely rhombic, truncate, middle lobe ± rectangular to cuneate-oblong, truncate or slightly emarginate. Spur with distinctly dilated orifice, slender, longer than ovary, to 3 cm, ± directed upwards with up-curved tip. Fl. 3-5. Macchie, scrub, Pinus forest, s.l.-l650 m.
Lectotype designated here: [Turkey C2?] in Caria, Pinard (G!).
W. & S. Anatolia, Islands. Cilicia, Aucher 2236 (syntype)! A2(A) Bursa: nr Bursa, Thirke (type of O. rariflora); Ulu Da., Sint. 1883:389! A3 Ankara: Aladağ nr Beypazari, 650 m, Akman! A5 Kastamonu: Sekiler köyü nr Tosya, 1260 m, Kilinç 3313! Bl Izmir: Karabel, c. 600 m, Regel(EGE 8868)! B2 Balikesir: 16 km S. of Balikesir towards Bigadiç,200 m,Taub. 76.49! B8 Siirt: 26 km S.E. of Malabadi towards Sason, 800 m, Renz & Taub. 80.174! Cl Aydin:N. slope of Samsun Da., above Güzelçamli, 800 m, D. 41682! C2 Muğla: Bodrum to Muğla, Gleisberg 299! C3 Antalya: Bey Da., 1845, Heldr.! C4 Içel: Gazipaşa to Kaldiran çay, 300 m, D. 25925! C5 Adana: Kassan Oghlu (Hasanoğlu nr Görümze), 1650 m, Kotschy 1859:185! C6 Adana: Osmaniye to Fevzipaşa, 1100 m, Balls 2123! C7 Urfa: nr Viranşehir, Hausskn. 911! C8 Mardin: c. 10 km N.W. of Mardin, 950 m, Taub. 78.247! C9 Mardin: c. 10 km N.E. of Cizre towards Şirnak, 400 m, Renz & Taub. 80.111! Is: Lesvos, Cand.; Khios, Orphanides 3238 (syntype)! Ikaria, Rech. 4369; Samos, Fors.-Maj. 580; Kos, Fors.-Maj.; Rodhos, mt. Prof. Elias nr Archangelos, 300-550 m, D. 40306!
Greece, Aegean, Cyprus, Latakia, Lebanon, N. Iraq, N.W. Iran. E. Medit. element. Related to O. quadripunctata but differs in having larger flowers with an elongate labellum and longer spur. The labellum usually has many spots and lines along the centre part, in contrast to O. quadripunctata. O. anatolica normally has a downwards-directed labellum and a ± steeply ascending spur, due to the deflexed direction of the outer section of the curved ovary. Plants with a fairly straight ovary (which can be observed occasionally, but more so in dried material) therefore have an upwards or horizontally directed labellum and a ± downwards pointing spur.